Programming has become increasingly popular over the past decade. Online resources, bootcamps, and college courses have an overwhelming number of different programming languages and frameworks to learn.
So, where do you start?
To help you, we made a list of the Top programming languages as of 2022. Here we will go over each language, its pros and cons, and what languages are growing in popularity and will be in demand in the future.
Web development, mobile apps, game development, and web servers
Easy to learn
Lots of communities and resources online
Used for building many diverse applications and technologies
It is one of the core web technologies
Makes websites dynamic
It can have variations in its interpretations on different browsers
HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is responsible for the website structure. We like to think of it as the Lego blocks that hold everything together. It is mainly limited to placing text into different chunks. Although it does not have the added capabilities of more dynamic languages, HTML has stood the test of time and is one of the core web development technologies.
While HTML establishes the foundation for web development, CSS (Cascading StyleSheets) is the visual styling that can apply to those HTML elements. For example, the size and color of text and positioning elements can be controlled on the page using CSS. The combination of HTML & CSS is often the beginning of the journey into code for many programmers. These are some of the most approachable languages with a vast number of resources online.
SQL (Structured Query Language) is the go-to backend language for new and experienced devs. It manages relational databases in the backend and can perform various operations on that data, such as adding, updating, or deleting rows or columns from a table, or modifying the table and its indexes. Data Analysts, Cloud Engineering, Business Intel Analysts, and many more professions use SQL.
What is SQL used for:
Backend development and communication with databases
Pros of using SQL:
Operations are easy to read and understand
Used in a broad range of different careers
Powerful for backend usage
Cons of using SQL:
Slightly more difficult to learn
Works best with smaller sized databases compared to larger databases
Python’s versatility and beginner friendliness have made it one of the most popular programming languages for many years now. Being a general-purpose language allows Python to be used for all kinds of projects like task automation, web development, and data analysis or visualization. Similar to the other popular languages, Python has simple syntax, is super versatile, and has a prominent community with a large number of resources.
Based on StackOverflow’s 2022 Developer survey, people currently learning to code are more likely to use Python than Professional Developers. Surprisingly enough, this could indicate a slight shift away from using Python in the professional sphere.
What is Python used for:
Web development, app development, data science, machine learning
Pros of using Python:
Simple and versatile
It comes with a large number of libraries and support
Focused on readability
Allows users to test code as they go
It has been one of the more in-demand languages over the past few years
What is TypeScript used for:
Web development and mobile apps
Pros of using TypeScript:
Acts as “guard-rails” for your code
Protects you from unwanted errors
Moves errors from run-time to compile-time
It helps readability and error handling in large codebases
Cons of using TypeScript:
Syntax heavy and ritualistic
Not worth adding to smaller scale projects due to the amount of extra code
Java is an OOP (Object-oriented programming language). Java boasts great security and can handle massive amounts of data, making it ideal for the financial sphere. It is often used in online banking, the stock market, and billing. It can run on any operating system giving it cross-platform appeal, meaning you can easily create apps for phones, computers, and other electronic devices.
What is Java used for:
E-commerce, finance, app development
Pros of using Java:
Mild learning curve
Handles a large amount of data
A large number of open-source libraries
Moves errors from run-time to compile-time
It helps with readability and error handling in large codebases
Rust is a statically-typed “multi-paradigm” programming language. It offers good cross-platform support similar to C++. Rust has been one of StackOverflow’s most-loved languages for the past seven years. With an overwhelming 86.73% of its users reporting they want to continue using and nearly 20% of non-users expressing interest in learning Rust. It also ties with Python as the most-wanted technology, with TypeScript coming in a close second. Rust appears to have a cult following with clear signs of non-adoption in the professional sphere due to its steep learning curve.
What is Rust used for:
Operating systems, VR, web browsers
Pros of using Rust:
Achieve more with less code
Fast and easy debugging
Easy integration with other languages
Rich editing environment (autocomplete, type inspections, and editor support)
Cons of using Rust:
Steep learning curve
Slower the other popular languages
Harder to maintain and build a large ecosystem
Not many libraries
Our development team use these languages and are experts in building applications with these. If you have any development needs, let’s get in touch and we can help you build your vision!